The Treaty on European Union (2007) is one of the primary Treaties of the European Union, alongside the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Under the treaties, EU institutions can adopt legislation, which the member countries then implement. Purpose: to make the EU more democratic, more efficient and better able to address global problems, such as climate change, with one voice. Signed: 8 April 1965Entered into force: 1 July 1967. The TEU forms the basis of EU law, by setting out general principles of the EU's purpose, the governance of its central institutions (such as the Commission, Parliament, and Council), as well as the rules on external, foreign and security policy. Article 49 deals with applications to join the EU and article 50 with withdrawal. Repealed by the Treaty of Amsterdam. The TEU forms the basis of EU law, by setting out general principles of the EU's purpose, the governance of its central institutions (such as the Commission, Parliament, and Council), as well as the rules on external, foreign and security policy. Article 47 establishes a legal personality for the EU. By this Treaty, the High Contracting Parties establish among themselves a European Union, hereinafter called "the Union" on which the Member States confer competences to … Article 2 states that the EU is "founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities". It increased EU powers, border control, immigration, judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters, and police cooperation. ; sister projects: Wikipedia article, Wikidata item. Article 7 deals with the suspension of a member state and article 8 deals with establishing close relations with neighbouring states. It gave the EU the legal authority to negotiate and sign international treaties. This eased distrust and tensions after WWII. When new countries joined the EU, the founding treaties were amended: Give feedback about this website or report a problem, Institutions, bodies & agencies – contact & visit details, Public contracts in the EU – rules and guidelines, The Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe, Full text of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, Full text of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), The European Data Protection Board (EDPB), 2004 (Czechia, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia). Protocol to the Agreement on the Member States that do not fully apply to the Schengen acquis – Joint Declarations OJ L129 /35. Purpose: to prepare for European Monetary Union and introduce elements of a political union (citizenship, common foreign and internal affairs policy). Treaty of Lisbon Amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty Establishing the European Community, 13 December 2007, 2007 O.J. Signed: 17 February 1986 (Luxembourg) / 28 February 1986 (The Hague). Article 10 declares that the EU is founded in representative democracy and that decisions must be taken as closely as possible to citizens. It obliges co-operation between these and limits their competencies to the powers within the treaties. Purpose: to streamline the European institutions. Point 5 states the EU shall promote its values, contribute to eradicating poverty, observe human rights and respect the charter of the United Nations. The Treaty on European Union (2007) is one of the primary Treaties of the European Union, alongside the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The first deals with common provisions. Article 1 establishes the European Union on the basis of the European Community and lays out the legal value of the treaties. The goals and values of the EU and are laid out in the Lisbon Treaty and the EU Charter of fundamental rights. This document contains the following information: Treaty on European union including the Protocols and Final act with declarations: Maastricht, 7 February 1992. New forms of cooperation between EU governments – for example on defence and justice and home affairs. Main changes: extension of qualified majority voting in the Council (making it harder for a single country to veto proposed legislation), creation of the cooperation and assent procedures, giving Parliament more influence. Signed: 25 March 1957Entered into force: 1 January 1958. Article 13 of Title II states that: Article 1; Title I - Categories and areas of Union competence (Articles 2-6) Title II - Provisions having general application (7-17) Part 2 - Non-discrimination and citizenship of the Union (Articles 18-25) Part 3 - Union policies and internal actions Article 48 deals with the method of treaty amendment; specifically the ordinary and simplified revision procedures. Extension of co-decision in the European Parliament and adjustment of the number of seats allocated to each current and future Member State. On 17 November 2015, France called other member states for military assistance, on the basis of the Article 42. For example, if a policy area is not cited in a treaty, the Commission cannot propose a law in that area. The ECSC treaty expired in 2002. Preamble; Part 1 - Principles. Article 53 states the treaty is in force for an unlimited period, article 54 deals with ratification and 55 with the different language versions of the treaties. The pillars consist of the European Communities, Common Foreign and Security Policy and Cooperation in Justice and Home affairs. Article 22 gives the European Council, acting unanimously, control over defining the EU's foreign policy. Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, a single and stable currency, DETERMINEDto promote economic and social progress for their peoples, taking into account the principle of sustainable development and within the context of the accomplishment of the internal The Lisbon treaty clarifies which powers:- belong to the EU- belong to EU member countries- are shared. More transparent decision-making (increased use of the ordinary legislative procedure). Treaty on European Union - articles on joining the EU Provides the legal basis for any European country to join the EU (Article 49) and the values on which the EU is based (Article 2). (C306) 1 Note: The Treaty of Lisbon, art. The Union that has emerged over the years, from that original treaty, has progressively grown in size, scope and capability. Article 5 sets out the principles of conferral, subsidiarity and proportionality with respect to the limits of its powers. The first is simply to promote peace, European values and its citizens' well-being. Purpose: to reform the institutions so that the EU could function efficiently after reaching 25 member countries. The Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe (2004) – with aims similar to the Lisbon Treaty – was signed but never ratified. Article 14 deals with the workings of Parliament and its election, article 15 with the European Council and its president, article 16 with the Council and its configurations and article 17 with the Commission and its appointment. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries. information about this edition. It entered into force on 1 December 2009. It makes reference to European political parties and how citizens are represented: directly in the Parliament and by their governments in the Council and European Council – accountable to national parliaments. Purpose: To reform the EU institutions in preparation for the arrival of future member countries. Article 13 establishes the institutions in the following order and under the following names: the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors. Chapter 1 of this title includes articles 21 and 22. Purpose: to create interdependence in coal and steel so that one country could no longer mobilise its armed forces without others knowing. The complete texts of treaties, legislation, case law and legislative proposals can be viewed using the EUR-Lex database of EU law. The provisions relating to the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors and detailed provisions on the other institutions are set out in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Full text of the Treaty establishing the European Economic CommunityFull text of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community. It is a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. After the preamble the consolidated treaty text is divided into six parts.. Article 6 binds the EU to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Convention on Human Rights. Signed: 2 October 1997Entered into force: 1 May 1999. The Treaty of the European Union, also known as Treaty of Maastricht and the signatures of the 12 Ministers for Foreign Affairs and for Finance of the Member States around The Treaty on European Union was signed in Maastricht in the presence of the President of … ; related portals: European Union. However at least one member state (Finland) made a conclusion that due to conflicting national law, military assistance was excluded.. Point 3 deals with the internal market. The European Union is based on the rule of law. The treaty created the euro, which is intended … 2, sec. The European Union (EU) was founded as a result of the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, 1993. Article 3 then states the aims of the EU in six points. Maastricht Treaty, formally Treaty on European Union, international agreement approved by the heads of government of the states of the European Community (EC) in Maastricht, Netherlands, in December 1991. Article 9 establishes the equality of national citizens and citizenship of the European Union. The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 removed the word "economic" from the Treaty of Rome's official title and, in 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon renamed it the "Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union". The Treaty of Maastricht (1992) created the European Union as a single body of "three pillars". Main changes: more power for the European Parliament, change of voting procedures in the Council, citizens' initiative, a permanent president of the European Council, a new High Representative for Foreign Affairs, a new EU diplomatic service. The first, common provisions, details the guidelines and functioning of the EU's foreign policy, including establishment of the European External Action Service and member state's responsibilities. Article 51 deals with the protocols attached to the treaties and article 52 with the geographic application of the treaty. Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union OJ C115/13. In 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon increased the powers of the European Parliament. Signed: 13 December 2007Entered into force: 1 December 2009. Point 4 establishes the euro. We have experienced, … Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) OJ C202/1. Article 11 establishes government transparency, declares that broad consultations must be made and introduces provision for a petition where at least 1 million citizens may petition the Commission to legislate on a matter. Main changes: creation of a single Commission and a single Council to serve the then three European Communities (EEC, Euratom, ECSC). The member states share a "society in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail". 25) Title II, Chapters 1, 2 and 3 in Part Three shall be replaced by the following: Almost a decade previous, however, steps had already been taken to produce a draft treaty  which proposed a ‘fully federal Europe with common foreign, macro-economic and trade policies and a devolved system of central institutions.’ This Consolidated version is the result of the amendments introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon , published in the Official Journal of the European Union (C 306/1) of 17 December 2007. While the current version of the TEU entered into force in 2009, following the Treaty of Lisbon (2007), the older form of the same document was implemented by the Treaty of Maastricht (1992). They establish the various EU institutions together with their remit, procedures and objectives. The Treaty of Brussels, also referred to as the Brussels Pact, was the founding treaty of the Western Union (WU) between 1948 and 1954, when it was amended as the Modified Brussels Treaty (MTB) and served as the founding treaty of the Western European Union (WEU) until its termination in 2010. Main changes: extension of European integration to include general economic cooperation. Purpose: to set up the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Treaty of Lisbon, signed 2007 1.Name change: from EC treaty to Treaty on the functioning of the EU (TFEU). Section 2, articles 42 to 46, deal with military co-operation (including mutual defence). The treaty, signed by ministers of the European Community, called for greater economic integration, common foreign and security policies and cooperation between … Main changes: establishment of the European Union and introduction of the co-decision procedure, giving Parliament more say in decision-making. 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